Which statement describes what you believe:?
- You can learn new things but you really can’t change your IQ very much. It is just something that is just part of your DNA.
- You can not only learn new things but substantially change how intelligent you are.
In her book Mindset: The New Psychology of Success, Carol Dweck distinguishes between two very different mindsets that she discovered among students in her research. She describes them like this:
The fixed mindset is one where the student believes that their personality, their intelligence, ability or skill is unchangeable. Consequently, if you believe in the fixed mindset and do well in school you were obviously born smart and without too much effort you will ace the next test and ultimately the class. If you were born with athletic ability, you will be an asset to the team and while you will benefit from training you’ve got what it takes to be a star. The flip side of this mindset is the belief that if you were born without the necessary intelligence or athletic ability, it doesn’t matter how much effort you put in, you will not be successful or attain your goals. Students with fixed mindsets tend to avoid challenges and situations that seem too hard. They tend to avoid failure by sticking to things that they know they can master easily.
The growth mindset is one where a student believes that their personality, intelligence, ability or skill is changeable and with focused effort and training they can change the outcome. If you are failing algebra class, you can redouble your efforts, learn the necessary material and pass the class. If you aren’t the best athlete on your team, you can train and develop the necessary skill you need to become a top notch team player. Students with growth mindsets tend to embrace challenges. Rather than wallow in failure or give up when the going gets tough, they focus instead on the process necessary to attain the goal.
While Dweck distinguishes between the two separate mindsets, she is quick to point out that they frequently overlap. A student may believe that they are just plain dumb in math and can’t master it, while at the same time believing that with enough effort and practice they can become the next Michael Jordan. The important piece of the equation is recognizing the mindset and teaching children not just how to cope with failure but how to think about failure as a learning process and a stepping stone to a goal.
Changing Fixed to Growth
Here’s how we as adults can help children develop a growth mindset, (yes even our mindset can be changed)…
- Help children recognize that learning is truly a life long process. We never arrive at the final destination. No matter how advanced your knowledge of math, or technology or a sport, there is always more to learn. That is why the great athletes still have coaches.
- Help children re-frame failure and disappointing results as an opportunity to learn and grow. Encourage them to ask “What can I learn from this?” and “Where is the opportunity in this?” rather than focus on comparing themselves to others’ results and abilities.
- Help children measure growth and success by comparing their current abilities with where they started rather than comparing their current ability with the end result or someone else. While goals help us chart the course, it is not a good yardstick for achievement.
Finally, one of the best ways to influence the children in your life is by recognizing and if necessary, changing your own mindset from fixed to growth. Make sure you are modeling and reinforcing a growth mindset in all you do.
Check out how Wyatt’s Grandmother helps him develop a growth mindset…
Wyatt the Wonder Dog Learns about Winning
Wyatt the Wonder Dog didn’t make it on the All Star baseball team and he feels like a loser. All his friends will be playing baseball this summer, while he and his pesky sister, Callie, visit grandparents at the beach. How Wyatt learns to handle disappointment and failure will be an important lesson for the future. Will he give up trying new things? Will he have the confidence to try again? Are there some things that take more practice and persistence to learn than others?
Wyatt the Wonder Dog Learns about Winning (Wyatt the Wonder Dog Books) (Volume 5)